Computer Graphic Presentation

Automated Workplace (ATM, Work Station). Location of operator equipped with all necessary means to perform certain functions. In data-processing systems and institutions, usually ARM й is a display with a keyboard, but it can also be used by printer, external LEU, etc. Automated training systems (AES). Programme, technical and educational tools that provide active learning: learning specific knowledge, testing of student responses, opportunity for clues, focus of study. Automated Research Systems (ASNI). Designed to automate scientific experiments, as well as to model objects, phenomena and processes that are difficult or impossible to study by traditional means. Adapter. Computing device with peripheral devices. Address. The number of a specific computer-operated databate. Algebra logic. Mathematics section, which examines speeches considered by their logical values (resistence or falseness) and their logic. Algoritm. An early, clear and precise requirement for a possible perpetrator to take a certain sequence of actions to achieve the ultimate number of steps. Alphabet. A core set of symbols, i.e. the alphabet, which should contain any text in that language. No other symbols are permitted in the text. Antiviral programmes. Programmes that prevent the contamination of a computer virus and eliminate the effects of infection. Arithmetic and logical device (ALU). Part of the processor that performs the transactions provided by the computer. Architecture von Neimana. A computer architecture with one arithmetic and logical device through which the data flow passes and one control device through which the teams flow. See also the computer architecture. Logical organization, structure and resources of a computer that can be used by a programmer. Determines the principles of action, information links and the interconnection of the main logic knots of the computer. Assembler. See ASCII. It reads "socks." American standard information exchange code. Largely used to codify in the form of bayt letters, numerals, operations signs and other computer symbols. Audioadapter. A special electronic fee that allows sound recording, reproducing and software through microphones, headphones, dynamics, built synthesia and other equipment. Database. One or more data files designed to store, change and process large amounts of interlinked information. Byte. A group of eight bats considered in data storage as a whole. Library of standard subprogrammes. The totality of subprogrammes in one of the programming languages that meet the same structure requirements, the organization of their entrances and outputs, and the descriptions of subprogrammes. Beat. The lowest information in the digital computer, taking the "0" or "1. Injection. Reading information from an external device in computer memory. Ventil. See . A significant number. In е, the type of data containing the number recorded with the decimal point and (or) with the decimal place. Videoadapter. The electronic fee that handles video data (text and schedule) and manages the display. Contains video memory, entry and exit registers and BIOS module. Sends in the display signals of ray brightness and display signals. Winchester. See the virus. A specially written small program that can "write" itself to other programmes to do any harmful actions - ruins the files, "shoots" operational memory. External memory. The totality of memory devices for long-term data storage. The external memory consists of reservoirs on flexible and rigid magnetic disk, optical and magnetic reservoirs, magnetic tape reservoirs. Programme and data archives are usually stored in external memory. The information posted on the outside media does not depend on whether the computer is switched on or off. Second generation of computer equipment. Vehicles built in 1955ы65 Elementary base ные discontinuous tranzistorological elements. Rapid memory on magnetic hearts. High-productivity magnetic tapes, magnetic drums and discs. Speed . to hundreds of thousands of operations per second, memory . to a few tens of thousands of words. High-level languages, a wide range of library programmes, monitor systems, broadcast and programme management. Exclusion. Results of the programme, issued by computer to the user, other computer or external memory. Survival. In the programming language ого, the recording of the rule for the calculation of a certain value. It builds out of the constant, the removable and indexed functions combined with the markings. Flexible disc. A round plastic plate covered with magnetic oxidation and placed in a protective casing on both sides. Used as a host of small amounts of information. Global Network (GWI). See the County Editor. Programme or set of programmes to create and edit images on the computer screen: draw lines, paint screen areas, produce inscriptions with different prints, process scanner images. Some editors make it possible to obtain images of three-dimensional objects, their sections and turns. The graphobuilder. Device to remove information from the computer in the form of graphs and drawings on stationary or rolling paper. Joystick. A blank pen whose deviation from the vertical position leads to the movement of the calor in the appropriate direction on the display screen. Used frequently in computer games. Disk. A round metal or plastic plate covered with magnetic material on which information is provided in the form of concentration roads divided into sectors. Discode. A device that controls magnetic disk rotation, reading and recording of data on it. Dipple. Visual display of information (in the form of text, table, drawing, drawing, etc.) on the screen of an electronic radiation device. Drivers. Programmes that enhance the operational system ' s capacity to manage input-output, operational memory, etc.; by means of drivers, new devices may be connected to the computer or the non-standard use of existing devices. ID. The symbolic name of the variable that identifies it in the program. Tools. Programmes used in the design, adjustment or development of other programmes: editors, associates, support systems programmes, graphics, etc. Close programming systems are intended. Integrative scheme. An electronic diagram that performs a function in the form of a single semi-conductor crystal that produces all the components necessary for this function. Integrated programme packages. Programme packages that perform a number of functions for which specialized programmes have previously been established, such as text editors, electronic tables, database management systems, schedules and charts. Internet. A global network of tens of thousands of networks around the world. Its purpose is to provide any permanent access to any information desired. The Internet offers virtually unrestricted information resources, useful information, education, entertainment, communication with competent people, remote access services, file transfer, e-mail and many others. The Internet provides a fundamentally new way of communicating people without analogs in the world. Interpretator. The transponder variety. Transfers and implements the program from high-level to machine code line to line. Interface. Electronic circuit of two devices sharing information. Information society. Organized socio-economic and scientific and technical process to create the best conditions for meeting information needs and realizing the rights of citizens, public authorities, local government bodies and voluntary associations through the development and use of information resources. Infopmatic. Discipline studying the structure and general characteristics of information, as well as the legality and methods of its creation, storage, search, transformation, transmission and use in various areas of human activity. The concept of " information " includes areas related to the development, establishment, use and maintenance of information-processing systems, including computers and their software, as well as organizational, commercial, administrative and socio-political aspects of computerization ого of the massive deployment of computer equipment in all areas of human life. The information in the creature itself is based on computer technology. Information technology. The combination of methods and devices used by people to process information. covers all computing equipment, communication technology and, in part, у domestic electronics, television and radio broadcasts. Information and Distance System (IPS). A system that stores a large volume of information, quickly searches the required information, adds, deletes and changes in stored information, and withdraws it in a human-friendly form. Information. Information on environmental sites and phenomena, their parameters, properties and conditions that are perceived by information systems (living organisms, machine managers, etc.) in life and work. For the processing of data on computers ах, the arbitrary sequence of symbols bearing the meaning load. Artificial intelligence (II). Discipline exploring the possibility of creating programmes to meet the challenges that require a deliberate intellectual effort in the fulfilment of their human being. Examples of the use of IEs are: games, logical conclusion, learning, understanding of natural languages, planning, understanding speech, proof of theory and visual perception. Algorithm. A man or a machine gun (in particular a computer processor) capable of carrying out a certain set of actions. Harpacter's got sedad, elementary actions, command system, refusals. Iterative cycle. The type of cycle for which the number of repetitions of cycle operators is not known in advance. At each step of the calculation, the conditions for achieving the desired result are consistently approached and verified. Cycle departure is carried out in the event of compliance. Catalogue (division, folder). Heading files. Available to the user via the command language of the operating system. It can be searched, renamed, re-registered files, moved their contents to a new location and removed. There is often a hierarchical structure. Computer key. Computer information and signal control device. Contains a standard set of printer keys and some additional keys ую control keys, functional keys, direction control keys and small digital keys. Client (working station). Any computer with access to server services. The client is also referred to as an application that receives server services on behalf of the user. See the key word. The word of the programming language, which makes sense to the translator. It cannot be used for other purposes, for example, as the name of the variable. Team. Description of the elementary operation to be performed by the computer. Usually contains the code of the transaction, instructions on the definition of the Operands (or their addresses), guidance on the location of the result. Team sequences form a program. Compact disc (CD).ROM). Constantaneous VUs performed using special optical technology. A number of memorial devices take a place between floppy and hard drives, both mobile and very small. Compiler. The transponder variety. Reads the whole programme, translates it and creates a complete version of the programme in the machine language, which is then implemented. Computer. A edible electronic device capable of processing and computing data and other tasks of manipulating symbols. The computers are based on equipment (HardWare) built mainly by electronic and electrical components and devices. The principle of the operation of computers is to carry out programmes (SoftWare) ых pre-set, clearly defined arithmetic, logical and other operations. Computerization. The challenges of the massive deployment of computers in all areas of life facing countries as an essential condition for their progress and development, as well as the consequences that will be caused by this massive introduction of computers. The purpose of computerization . is to improve the quality of life of people by increasing productivity and facilitating their working conditions. Controller. A device that links peripheral equipment or channels of communication with the central processor, freeing the processor from direct operation of the equipment. The cursor. A light symbol on the display screen indicating the position on which the next sign from the keyboard will be displayed. Cash. See, the logic type. The type of data presented by "style" or "piece" or "no." Sometimes it's also called the British math of the nineteenth century George Bull. Logic element (ventil). Part of an electronic logical framework that performs an elementary logical function. Logic speech. Any resignation, as a matter of which one can be said, it's true or false. Local Network (LAN). See Laptop. Portable computer, by its size, close to the briefcase. Rapidly and memoryly corresponds to desktop personal computers. Manipulators (joystick, mouse, trackball, etc.). Special devices for the management of the cadet. Massive. Consistency of single-type elements, the number of which is fixed and one name is assigned. Table computer equivalent. The position of the element in the mass is clearly defined by its indices. Mathematical model. Mathematical system ений formulas, equations, inequities, etc., reflecting the material properties of the object. Car tongue. Compatibility of computer machine teams, different number of addresses on the team, assignment of information in the addresses, set of operations that the machine can perform, etc. Menu. A list of different computer options on the screen, which can be selected. Microprocessor. Integrative processor. It's made of chains of command, registers, sums, command counters, very quick memory of the small size. Mycrocompiuter. Computer where microprocessor is used as a control and arithmetic device. Modem. Device to transform the digital signals of the computer into a variable sound band frequency (modulation) and reverse conversion (demodulation). Used to connect computers with other computer systems through the telephone network. Monitor. See Multimide. A computing concept for various computer technologies using several information media, such as schedules, text, videos, photographs, moving images (animation), sound effects, high-quality sound escorts. Multimedia computer ными is a computer provided with hardware and software that operates multimedia technology. A mouse. Control device. There's a small box that can fit the palms. Connected to the cable computer. Her movements are transformed into moving the courseor on the display screen. Dumper on hard magnetic disks (vinchester reservoir). The largest reminiscent device in which the information carriers are round aluminium plates ое platers, both of which are covered by a layer of magnetic material. Used for the permanent storage of large volumes of information. Notebook. Portable computer, by its size, close to a big book. It's in the briefcase. Typically modulated and provided with CDомROM. Cups. Programmes to facilitate work with complex programme systems, such as the DOS operating system. They're converting an uncomfortable command user interface into a friendly graphic interface or a menu interface. The casings provide users with easy access to files and extensive service services. Information processing. In е, any conversion of information from one type to another made under strict formal rules. Operational memory (POP). The rapid memorial device is not very large, directly linked to the processor, intended to record, read and store the programmes and data that are being processed by these programmes. Operator. The language of algorithm, which defines some completed data processing. Oppressors include key words, data, releases, etc. Operation system. A set of interlinked programmes to automate programme planning and management, data entry and management, resource allocation, programme preparation and maintenance, and other support operations. The most important part of the software. Description. Programme section identifying data structures to manipulate the programme and describing their types. Basis of the computation system. Number of different figures used to depict numbers in the computation system. Laundry (angl. debugging). The computer phase of the challenge of correcting obvious errors in the programme. Frequently produced using special software то pans. Sweet (angl. debugger). Programme to examine the internal behaviour of the programme being developed. Provides a step-by-step programme with a stop after each operator, an examination of the current variable, a finding of any expression, etc. Applied packages (PPPs). Specially organized software packages designed to be commonly applied in a particular area of concern and supplemented with relevant technical documentation. Palmtop. The smallest modern personal computer. He's good at the palms. Magnetic disk in it replaces energy-dependent electronic memory. No reservoirs on CDs и, the exchange of information with conventional computers is on line. First generation of computer equipment. Cars built at the turn of the 1950s. Electronic lights were used in the schemes. The selection of a small, arithmetic and logical device and control devices was virtually non-existent. Speed 10 . 20,000 operations per second. Changed. The significance of which may vary in the implementation of the programme. Personal computer. A universal-use microcomputer, designed for one user and managed by one person. Subprogramme. A self-propelled part of the programme, which is created independently of the other parts and is subsequently called by name. When the name of the subprogramme is used as a programme operator, the entire group of operators representing the body of the subprogramme shall be executed. Generations of computers. Simultaneous, unstructured classification of computing systems for development hardware and softwareand how to communicate with them. Ports of devices. Electronic circuits containing one or more of the entry and exit registers and allowing the connection of the peripheral computer devices to the outer tyres of the microprocessor. The sequential port shall be exchanged with the processor by side, and with external devices и shall be broken. Parallel port receives and sends data by side. Continuous memory. An energy-dependent memory device manufactured as a microschem. Used to store non-replaceable data. Remembrance is specially sewn into a OTL when it's manufactured. The ELV contains the processor ' s own management programme, dispensation management programmes, keyboard, printer, external memory, computer launch and shutdown programmes, testing of devices. Applied program. Any specific programme that contributes to any task within this area of concern. Printer. Printing device. Transform the encoded information from the processor into a form suitable for reading on paper. Open architecture principle. 1. Only a description of the computer ' s operation and configuration (a defined combination of hardware and connections between them) shall be regulated and standardized. The computer can therefore be assembled from separate nodes and parts developed and manufactured by independent manufacturers.

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